The world of Port wines is awash with different styles worth exploring, including Tawny Port.
Tawny Port is a sweet fortified wine from northern Portugal. It’s lighter in color than Ruby and Vintage Ports, and has a tawny, or brick-brown color and nutty carmel flavor. Tawny Ports come in inexpensive and premium styles. Pair Tawny Port wines with nuts, apple pie, or even blue cheese.
From its origins and production methods to its taste profiles, serving recommendations, and more, here’s everything you need to know about Tawny Port and this uniquely Portuguese wine.
Where Is Tawny Port From?
Tawny Port wines are made in the Duoro Valley region of northern Portugal. This is a steeply ravined river valley with vineyards hugging the mountainsides. The Duoro Valley extends West to East, with hotter vineyard locations further inland. Harvest happens from September through October. Warmer sites are harvested earlier than cooler sites.
Explore this map of the Duoro Valley:
Most grapes used in Tawny Port wines come from cooler growing regions that will have lighter grapes, both in color and aroma. This Tawny Port wine region is called the Baixo Corgo, or Lower Corgo subregion.
Tawny Port’s lighter than Vintage Port and Ruby Port in both color and aroma, and is often produced from grapes sourced from the cooler parts of the Douro.
What Grapes Are in Tawny Port?
Tawny Port wines are always a blend of different red grapes. Over 100 different grape varieties are permitted in Tawny Port wine production, but only 5 are widely used:
- Touriga Franca grapes
- Touriga Nacional grapes
- Tinta Roriz grapes
- Tinta Barroca grapes
- Tinta Amarela grapes
- Tinto Cao grapes
- Sousao grapes
Each grape adds a different character to the final blend, whether it’s body, tannin, color, or flavor.
Port producers will decide which grapes and how much they want of each in their Tawny Port wines.
How Is Tawny Port Made?
Tawny Port is a style of Port wine that is characterized by its amber color and nutty flavors. Inexpensive Tawny Ports get their color through manipulation during winemaking. Premium Tawny Ports get their color and flavor through long aging (often decades).
Helpful Tip: If you’re still curious about Port, then go check out this post How Do They Make Port Wine?
3 Styles of Tawny Port: Basic, Reserve, Aged
Tawny Port is broken down into 3 distinctive styles: Basic Tawny, Reserve Tawny, and Aged-Indicated Tawny.
Here’s how each style of Tawny Port differs.
- Basic Tawny Port: A blend of different vintages, always sweet, pale in color, and not concentrated in the aromas or flavors. The color comes from manipulating the winemaking process, not from long aging (think of this like the cheap knock-off to a true Tawny Port).
- Tawny Reserve Port: Aged for a minimum of 6 years in wood giving the wine a lighter color and caramel notes. Tawny Reserves have to go through a tasting panel. Tawny Reserves have rich flavor concentration and will be more expensive than Basic Tawny Ports.
- Tawny Port with an Age Indication: These are the Tawnies worth celebrating! They are aged in small wooden barrels called pipes, for 10, 20, 30, or even 40 years (you’ll see this on the label). Tawny Ports with an age indication are usually a blend of vintages and will have layers of complex fruit, licorice, nuts, spice, and caramel. Aged Tawny Ports are the highest quality in the Tawny sub-category of Ports and go through a tasting panel to verify their quality and style. Expect to pay a premium for aged Tawny Ports.
Fun Wine Fact: Age indicated Tawny Ports aren’t actually the age listed on the bottle. They taste like a Tawny Port that’s the age on the bottle. The winemaker blends different vintages together, younger and older, like a master chef to craft the wine’s style. Sublime.
What’s Tawny Port Like?
Are Tawny Ports Sweet?
All Tawny Port wines are sweet. Their sweetness is natural and comes from unfermented grape juice. The winemaker stops fermentation early by adding spirit. The yeast can’t survive in the high alcohol and they die off, resulting in a sweet, spirity wine.
Helpful Tip: Here’s a geeky post on how wine fermentation works. It’s not for everyone, but maybe it’s for you!
What Color Is Tawny Port?
The typical Tawny Port color is a amber-brick red. You can see through the wine to the stem of your glass. The color in inexpensive Tawny Ports come from light extraction (limiting skin contact and dye from the grape skins). The amber color in premium Tawny Ports comes from extended aging (color fades in older red wines over time).
What Does Tawny Port Taste Like?
During the aging process, Tawny Port wine is exposed to oxygen, which results in its distinctive nutty, caramel, and toffee flavors. Here are some common descriptors for the different quality levels of Tawny Port:
Basic Tawny Port Flavors
Reserve Tawny Port Flavors
- Baked Plum
- Sweet Cherry Tart
10-Year-Old Tawny Port Flavors
- Dried Cherry
20-Year-Old Tawny Port Flavors
- Almond butter
30-Year-Old Tawny Port Flavors
- Dried cherries
- Dried plums
- Candied fig
- Light toffee
- Smoked wood
- Burnt caramel
- Bitter orange
40-Year-Old Tawny Port Flavors
- Dried fig
- Bitter Chocolate
- Bitter Orange
Side Note: I had to go find a glass of Tawny after writing up this list. Yummy goodness! 😋
Does Tawny Port Age in the Bottle?
Tawny Port wines aren’t made to age further in the bottle. The winery ages the wine for you and releases Tawny Ports ready to drink. Drink basic, inexpensive Tawny Ports the year that you buy them. You can hold on to Reserve and Aged Tawnies for 2-3 years, but just know that they won’t improve with further bottle aging.
Fun Wine Fact: Some styles of Port are aged for decades in the bottle. Vintage Ports, for example, age for decades and make wonderful gifts for birth years and anniversaries.
So, how long does Tawny Port last?
- Basic Tawnies: 12 months
- Reserve Tawny Port Wines: 1-2 years
- Age-Indicated Tawny Port Wines: 2-3 years
Remember: Tawny Ports are bottled ready to drink, so cheers to your health and drink up!
Where to Buy Tawny Port Wine?
You’ll find Tawny Port wines at specialty wine shops and liquor stores. Many retailers carry a wider range of Tawny Port wines during the winter holiday season, and this can be a great time to stock up on Port wines in general.
Well-known Tawny Port Producers include:
These are large Port producers that export Tawny Port wines globally, so you should be able to find them in a store near you.
Tawny Port Wine Price: How Much Does Tawny Port Cost?
The price of Tawny Port can vary depending on various factors, including the producer, the age, and the quality of the wine. Expect to spend between $15-$50 USD for a standard bottle of Tawny Port. Here’s a rough breakdown:
- Basic Tawny Port Wine Price: $15-$20 USD
- Reserve Tawny Port Wine Cost: $20-$30 USD
- 10 Year Tawny Port Wine Cost: $20-$40 USD
- 20 Year Old Tawny Port Wine Price: $40-$70 USD
- 30 Year Old Tawny Port Wine Price: $200-250 USD
Generally, younger Tawny Ports are more affordable, while older and more prestigious Tawny Ports can be quite expensive, ranging from $20 to several hundred dollars per bottle.
Helpful Wine Buying Tip: I think that 10 Year Old Tawny Ports are the sweet spot for quality and price. You get delicious, aged wines with layers of complexity that don’t cost an excessive amount, making them delicious indulgences.
Tawny Port Storage Tips: Where to Store Your Tawny Port
If you’re wondering how to store your Tawny Port, keep unopened bottles of Tawny Port in a cool, dark place away from heat, light, and movement, just like you would other wines.
- Good: Dark closet away from heat sources
- Bad: Kitchen cabinet next to your stove
How to Drink Tawny Port
Tawny Port is best served slightly chilled, around 55-65°F (12-18°C), to allow its complex flavors to shine. Use smaller glasses with a narrow rim to concentrate the aromas and enhance your experience.
Helpful Tip: Here’s a rundown of what wine glasses you should be using when drinking Port wines (and also creative substitutes if you don’t have a full wine bar).
If you’re wondering when to drink Tawny Port, look no further than dessert! This is a sweet, full-bodied wine that begs to be enjoyed with your dessert course. You can also sip your Tawny Port as an afternoon indulgence with a cheese platter. The high alcohol will warm your insides, making it a perfect fall and winter treat.
How Long Does Open Tawny Port Last?
Basic Tawnies will last a few weeks and aged Tawnies can last a few months after opening. Store open bottles of Tawny Port recorked and in a cool, dark place (ideally your fridge).
- Basic Tawny Port: Up to 3 weeks
- Reserve Tawny Port: 1-2 months
- Aged Tawn Port (10-40 years): Up to 2 months
Helpful Wine Drinking Tip: The best place for open bottles of wine is your fridge. Here’s why.
Tawny Port is a fortified wine, which means it has a longer shelf life compared to regular table wines. However, like all wines, Tawny Port can go bad if not stored properly.
How to Pair Tawny Port
Tawny Port has a nutty, carmel quality to it that makes it a natural partner to rich desserts like flan, chocolate truffles, apple and pecan pie. Pair Tawny Port wines with aged cheeses like Parmesan, Roquefort, and Guoda. The earthy quality in both wine and cheese will meld together.
- Pro-Tip: Pair the nutty quality of Tawny Port wines with nutty, earthy flavors in food.
Is Tawny Port Good for You?
Tawny Port is a sweet, high-alcohol fortified wine, making it a less-healthy choice than most other wine styles. Tawny Port’s alcohol content is always between 19%-22% abv. On average, a 3.5-ounce (100ml) serving of Tawny Port contains around 230-250 calories and 18-20 grams of carbs, although values vary depending on the specific wine.
Nerdy Wine Fact: The Port wine industry is actually keenly aware that wine drinkers are leading healthier lifestyles and are concerned about alcohol and sugar intake. Many producers and industry insiders are actively trying to change the minimum alcohol level required for Port wines (currently an eye-watering 19% abv).
Tawny Port Substitute: Madeira, Cream Sherry, or Sweetened Red Wine
If you’re looking for a substitute for Tawny Port for cooking, try a Madeira or Cream Sherry. Both of these are sweet, fortified wines with nutty qualities similar to Tawny Ports. However, keep in mind that each of these wines has its own unique profile and may not be an exact replacement for Tawny Port.
- Madeira will be higher acid than Tawny Port.
- Cream Sherry will be lower in acid than Tawny Port and not have any tannin.
Helpful Tip: If you need a sweet red wine for your recipe, consider adding red table wine and sugar as a Tawny Port substitute. Start with a ratio of 1.5 tablespoons per 1 cup of red wine (80 grams of sugar per liter of wine), which is the minimum amount of sugar permitted in Port wines.
Final Thoughts – Tawny Port Wines
Tawny Port is a remarkable fortified wine offering a complex range of flavors and beautiful amber color. Whether you choose to enjoy it on its own or pair it with desserts and lively company, Tawny Port wines deliver a memorable tasting experience.
I recommend sticking with Reserve Tawnies at the very least, and moving up to 10-year Old Tawny Ports if your budget allows.
These wines offer exceptional quality for value.
With its unique winemaking, exceptional taste, and versatility, Tawny Port is a wine worth exploring and savoring on any budget.
Thirsty for More?
Fortified Wines. Where to start? Here’s how to know if your wine is fortified (or not).
Here’s a great post that will tell you how to pick out a good fortified wine.
And I wrote this post to as a quick comparison between fortified and nonfortified wines.